Magic Realism - A New Term of Art
The term Magical Realism was coined at the same time as the German post-expressionist movement, Neue Sachlichkeit, was formed at the end of the First World War. The term Neue Sachlichkeit, translated from German, means "new objectivity". That expression was further spread in an exhibition of the same name in 1924. A new focus on reality and the depiction of objective understanding of life and art was proposed.
About a year later, art critic Franz Roh introduced the term "Magic Realism" to describe some of the works of art of the time.
He wanted to use the term, Magic Realism, to describe the new genre that was growing in Europe. At this time, the term, "magic" did not necessarily describe a world that blurred the differences between reality and magic or imagination, but rather described the strangeness that can be claimed to exist in the objective world. but his term "magic" did not necessarily refer to an amazing world but rather to the strangeness of the objective world.
Although the term magical realism originally competed with the term new objectivity, Magic realism distanced itself from the term, "new objectivity" by instead of, for example, political satire lulling its viewers into a new world of mystery and magic where one could take turns as there were no previous restrictions to take into account. Some painters/artists preferred to call the genre, "Imaginary realism to describe the element of imagination in their works of art.
The proponents of Magic Realism did not have the same interest in the unconscious and psychological dramas. They instead insisted on finding the "magic" or fantasy in reality.